# Grade Calculation Types

**On this page:**

Use calculation formula sets to define the final grade calculation methods—how you want students' assignment scores to count towards their final grades for traditional or standards grades.

Choose whether you'll calculate the students' final grades using total points, term weighting, standards weighting, or category weighting. You can combine calculation methods by using different methods for different reporting terms, such as total points for Q1 and Q2 and term weighting for S1.

## Total Points

Use the total points method to calculate a student's final grade by dividing the points the student earned for the class by the number of points possible. Using this option, a student might earn 1250 points out of a total 1600 points possible which would be converted to a percentage of 78% and a grade would be determined from the cutoff percentage defined in the grade scale.

## Term Weighting

Use the term weighting method to calculate a student's final grade based on grades from shorter reporting terms. For example, you might calculate the Semester 1 grade based on the final grades for Quarter 1 and Quarter 2. In this scenario, you might enter 40% for Quarter 1 and 60% for Quarter 2. Each percentage is a weight used to determine how the smaller term contributes to the final grade.

If you select the **Exact Value Earned** setting for Term Weighting, the calculation uses the student's calculated percent (Alpha Scales) or numeric value (Numeric Scales) from the reporting term.

If you select the **Term Weighting Points** setting for Term Weighting, the student's calculated grade for the reporting term is mapped to the Term Weighting Point defined in the grade scale.

Only reporting terms that are fully encompassed by the selected reporting term will appear in the list. This option will not appear if the reporting term does not encompass other reporting terms. For example, quarters can usually be used to calculate semester grades.

## Standards Weighting

To have a standards final grade count in the course final grade for a reporting term (whether Q1, Q2 or S1), you must use standards weighting. Use the standards weighting method to calculate a student's course final grade based on final grades from the standards aligned to the course. Set up standards weighting similar to how you set up term weighting by defining the percentage that is the weight used to determine how the standards grades contribute to the final grade. For example, you might calculate the Semester 1 final grade based on 40% of the standards grades from Q1 and 60% of the standards grades from Q2. Using Standards Weighting with attributes of Specific Weights and Specific Sum require that PowerSchool administrators configure weights for specific standards for each course on the Course Settings page.

Certain weight settings are determined by the PowerSchool administrator, such as Specific Weights and Specific Sum.

## Category Weighting

When the Category Weighting Grade is calculated, the decimal points of the percentages are rounded off even if it is set to calculate to 2 decimal places.

Categories are broad classifications for assignments, such as homework and tests. Use the category weighting method to calculate a student's final grade using assignment categories. Assign a weight to each category to determine how it contributes to the final grade. The rounded percentage the student earns for each category is multiplied by the weight. The weighted percentage values are added together to calculate the final grade. For example, you might use the categories Homework, Tests, and Final Project, and assign each the respective weights 20, 40, and 40.

You do not have to include all of the categories in the final grade calculation. For example, if you don't want to include scores from the Quizzes category, then you don't need to add that category to the calculation.

## Mixed Weighting

A combination of the calculation types listed above can also be selected within a single reporting term to produce a grade that is the weighted average of their respective grade values.

When mixing calculation types, there is a good possibility of scores being double-counted. PowerTeacher Pro will double-count scores if the calculation is defined in a manner to do so. For example, if a calculation is defined using Total Points and Categories, any assignment that is part of the defined category will have the score double-counted within the calculation.